by Office of Technical Coordination, Available from the National Technical Information Service in Washington, D.C, Springfield, VA .
Written in English
|Other titles||Heavy oil and heavy oil/coal coprocessing program provides good route to making acceptable fuels from heavy oil and coal|
|Statement||prepared by Bernard L. Schulman ; prepared for U.S. Department of Energy, Assistant Secretary for Fossil Energy, Office of Technical Coordination|
|Contributions||United States. Office of the Assistant Secretary for Fossil Energy. Office of Technical Coordination|
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||12 p. :|
|Number of Pages||12|
Heavy crude oils have a unique chemical nature that creates many technical challenges. In this new book, four heavy oil and bitumen experts deliver a comprehensive look at the complexities of this alternative petroleum resource. Clear and rigorous, Heavy and Extra-heavy Oil Upgrading Technologies will prove tool for those scientists and engineers already engaged in fossil fuel science and technology as well as scientists, non-scientists, engineers, and non-engineers who wish to gain a general overview or update of the science and technology of unconventional fossil. Heavy oil is an important global resource with reserves comparable to those of conventional oil. As conventional resources get thinner, attention is being focused on heavy oil and bitumen, which hold the promise of becoming useful fuels. Viscosity will be used to define heavy crude oil and tar sand oil, and density (oAPI) will be used when viscosity measurements are not available. 3. Heavy crude oil has a gas-free viscosity of mPa.s (cp) 3 o at reservoir temperatures, or a density of kg/m (20 API) 3 o o to kg/m (10 API) at C and at atmospheric oressure.
Does my oil have H2S, CO2? These are chemically specific questions of great concern. However, for heavy ends, there has been no consensus as to what the chemistry is. In this book, we demonstrate that the chemistry of the heavy ends is now largely resolved, a major accomplishment. This book is indispensable for the scientist concerned with petroleum, heavy oils, interfacial science, or flow assurance. Science and technology are treated seamlessly; thus this book will also greatly benefit technologists who are concerned with the production of oil, refining of oil, or heavy oil processing. Heavy oil deposits are generally found at shallow depths (1,, feet), where reservoir temperatures are low and oil viscosity is high, although the depth range for all the reservoirs is from the surface to greater t feet (Deitzman and others, ). Heavy oil . heavy oil production increase over the last 35 years, currently responsible for more than × bbl/d of production. Canada exported × bbl/d to the USA in January (60% of which is heavy oil), and in the next few years, it is likely that Canada will supplant .
The economic unattractiveness of heavy crude oils in the global oil market scene is fast changing due to the looming scarcity of light oils. There are huge reserves of heavy oils to which refiners are being reluctantly attracted. The fully developed conventionally available refineries are, however, incapable of processing these heavy crudes without some major modifications of both process and. A list of books on oil. Oil sinks. Here is some light reading on light crude with a tilt to history, science, and talking your way out of a business meeting on various and sundry hydrocarbons. Read 1, pages, and you too can catch the commodity knife in the dark. See full article here via Bloomberg. Unconventional reservoirs of oil and gas represent a huge additional global source of fossil fuels. However, there is much still to be done to improve techniques for their processing to make recovery and refining of these particular energy sources more cost-effective. Brief but readable, Heavy and Extra-heavy Oil Upgrading Technologies provide readers with a strategy for future production (the. Brief but readable, Heavy and Extra-heavy Oil Upgrading Technologies provide readers with a strategy for future production (the up-stream) and upgrading (the down-stream). The book provides the reader with an understandable overview of the chemistry and engineering behind the latest developments and technologies in the industry as well as the.